Mosques without Dome (as a Tourist Attraction): A Religion Journey


  • Yuke Ardhiati Universitas Pancasila


mosque, dome, architectonic design, canon rule, religion journey


Purpose: This research aims to reveal the recent architectonic design phenomena for Indonesian mosques without dome(s) and minarets. All the mosques have potential uniqueness to be tourist attractions.

Research methods: The research refers to interdisciplinary methods in qualitative research of four mosques structures without a dome and/or minaret.

Findings: Architectonic designs are interpreted as the desire to demonstrate the postmodern architectural spirits (zeitgeist) of the respective architects by performing anti-deterministic, self-sustaining and/or multivalent architecture. Architects do it to provoke to interpret the new interpretations of the Islamic spirit in architecture in an emotional and cognitive way.

Implications: The serial of mosques without dome has been potential to be a religion journey. It has also been potential to be tourist attractions.


Archdaily. (2010). “Al-Irsyad Mosque/ Urbane”. Archdaily.

ArchNet. (1986). “Recipient of the Aga Khan Award for Architecture in 1986, Said Naum Mosque, Jakarta, Indonesia” Architect: Adhi Moersid.

Ardhiati, Y. (2013). “The New Architecture of Mosque Design to Express the Modernity of Muslims”. Global Advanced Research Journals (Garjah) September 2013 Vol. 2(4), pp. 075-078.

Curl, J. S. (1999). A Dictionary of Architecture. Oxford Universuty Press, New York.

Galikano, S. (2016). Budaya dan Identitas Baru Tubaba.

Groat, L. & Wang, D. (2002). Architectural Research Methods. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Canada.

Hillenbrand, Robert. (1994). Islamic Architecture. Form, Function, and Meaning. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh.

Jencks, C., & Kropf, K (eds.). (1997). Theories and Manifestos of Contemporary Architecture.

Jencks, C. A. (1977). “Post-Modern Architecture” From The Language of Post-Modern Architecture. Academy Editions, London and Rizzoli, New York.

Lloyd, C. (1993). The Structures of History. Blackwell Publishers, United Kingdom.

Mokhtar, A. (2005). Design Guidelines for Ablution Spaces in Mosques and Islamic Praying Facilities. The American University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.

Mudana, I G., Ernawati, N.M., & Voda, M. (2021). Analysis of the Evolving Cultural Tourism Implementation in Bali Indonesia, Multicultural Education (ISSN: 1068-3844), Vol, 7 No 6 (2021), p. 608-619,, Scimago Link:

Ricoeur, P., & Thompson, J.B. (Eds and Translators). (1983). Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences: Essays on Language, Action and Interpretation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.




How to Cite

Ardhiati, Y. . (2022). Mosques without Dome (as a Tourist Attraction): A Religion Journey. International Journal of Glocal Tourism, 3(1), 1-8. Retrieved from